« Cittadini, lavoratori! Sciopero generale contro l’occupazione tedesca, contro la guerra fascista, per la salvezza delle nostre terre, delle nostre case, delle nostre officine. Come a Genova e a Torino, ponete i tedeschi di fronte al dilemma: arrendersi o perire. »
(Announcement made by Sandro Pertini in Milan on April 25th 1945)
Italy’s Liberation Day (Festa della Liberazione), also known as the Anniversary of the Liberation (Anniversario della liberazione d’Italia), Anniversary of the Resistance (anniversario della Resistenza), or simply April 25 is celebrated in Italy on April 25 of each year.
It is a capital day for the history of Italy, a symbol of the end of the second world war in the country, the occupation by Nazi Germany, which began in 1943, and the Fascist government.
The date was chosen by convention, as it corresponds to the day Milan and Turin were liberated, on April 25, 1945.
By May 1, all of northern Italy was liberated, including Bologna (April 21), Genoa (April 23), and Venice (April 28).
The liberation put an end to twenty years of fascist dictatorship and five years of war. It symbolically represents the beginning of the historical journey which led Italy through monarchy to the institution of the Republic Government.
The actual date was chosen in 1946, and in most Italian cities, marches and parades are organised to commemorate the event. On April 22, 1946, a decree created the national holiday “In celebration of the total liberation of the Italian territory”
Should you wish to discover more about Italian and Florentine History? Check out our History of Florence courses! Or if you prefere, have a look to our Guided visits and Art History courses at Galilei, where our professioanl teachers will lead you to discover the masterpieces stolen from Florentine museums during the II World War.